Autoantibodies against stress-induced phosphoprotein-1 as a novel biomarker candidate for ovarian cancer.

Detection of autoantibodies against tumor-associated antigens (TAA) has recently been shown to be a powerful tool for early detection of various cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of using autoantibodies against TAA as novel biomarkers by a proteomics-based approach in patients with ovarian cancer.

We used two-dimensional differential gel electrophoresis analysis of immuno-precipitated tumor antigens (2D-DITA) to compare the levels of autoantibodies in pretreatment and posttreatment sera of patients with ovarian cancers. The identified autoantibodies were validated by SYBR Green real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). We further evaluated the level of autoantibody in sera of 68 ovarian cancer patients by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

The autoantibody directed against stress-induced phosphoprotein-1 (STIP-1) emerged as a novel biomarker candidate for ovarian cancer. SYBR Green PCR and IHC confirmed that the STIP-1 mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly up-regulated in ovarian cancers compared with normal and benign tumors (P = 0.003 and P < 0.001, respectively). A preliminary ELISA study showed that the serum levels of anti-STIP-1 autoantibodies were significantly elevated in ovarian cancer patients compared with healthy controls (P = 0.03).

The results suggest that 2D-DITA is a useful tool to detect autoantibodies and that STIP-1 is a potential biomarker candidate for ovarian cancers.

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