Phase II study of liposomal cisplatin (SPI-77) in platinum-sensitive recurrences of ovarian cancer
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin is a highly effective chemotherapeutic agent against epithelial ovarian cancer but is associated with significant toxicities. SPI-77 is a liposomal pegylated formulation of cisplatin that was developed to reduce systemic toxicity and to better deliver cisplatin to tumors. We assessed the response rates and safety of SPI-77, in patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were selected for having previously achieved a platinum treatment free interval of greater than 6 months (e.g. platinum-sensitive) and high potential of achieving responses when rechallenged with a platinum drug. SPI-77 was administered at a dose of 260 mg/m(2) every 21 days until disease progression.
RESULTS: Enrollment was terminated after 5 patients were treated because of concern with the adequacy of the formulation. Four out of the five patients had stable disease as best response. While no serious, unexpected adverse events occurred in spite of large cumulative doses of SPI-77, there were concerns related to the large lipid load and prolonged persistence of residual platinum in body stores.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study, although inconclusive regarding its primary endpoints, provide some important lessons for the development of similar liposomal platinum agents.
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